Vaisakhi (Baisakhi) is a festival celebrated across the northern India, especially in the Punjab region by the Sikh community.
For the Sikh community this festival commemorates the establishment of
the Khalsa. This day is also observed as the thanksgiving day by the
farmers whereby the farmers pay their tribute, thanking God for the
abundant harvest and also praying for the future prosperity.
Baisakhi, however, has had a new dimension added to it by Guru Gobind
Singh. For it was on the day of Baisakhi in 1669, that he established
the Khalsa Panth and gave a final impetus to the course of the earlier
nine Gurus of Sikhism.
A rural festival of North India, marking
the beginning of the solar year (New year), celebrated in Punjab with
great fervor. For the Sikhs the day is a collective celebration of New
Year along with the commemoration of the founding of the Khalsa Panth
(Sikh brotherhood) by Guru Gobind Singh in 1699.
signifies the end of harvest of the main crop. During Baisakhi the
farmers give 'thanks' to the Lord Almighty for their fortune and pray
for a better crop the next year. Baisakhi involves a lot of socializing
where friends and relatives are invited and delicious meals are served.
The holy book of the Sikhs, 'Granth Sahib' is taken in a procession,
led by the 'Panj Pyaras' (five senior Sikhs) who are symbolic of the
original leaders. The occasion is celebrated with great gusto at
Talwandi Sabo, where Guru Gobind Singh stayed for nine months and
completed the recompilation of the Guru Granth Sahib and in the Golden
temple in Amritsar.
On Baisakhi day, water is drawn from all
the sacred rivers of India and poured in to the huge tank surrounding
the golden temple.
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